diabetes insipidus treatment

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Diabetes Insipidus

What is Diabetes Insipidus?

Diabetes Insipidus is a rare disease which is characterized by the absence of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) resulting in a copious flow of dilute urine and excessive thirst.

Diabetes insipidus is a not common condition in which the kidneys are unable to prevent the excretion of water.

What is the Cause of Diabetes Insipidus?

During the day, the kidneys filter all the blood many times.

Normally, most of the water is reabsorbed, and only a small amount of concentrated urine is excreted.

Central Diabetes insipidus

Diabetes insipidus occurs when the kidneys cannot concentrate the urine normally, and a large amount of dilute urine is excreted.

The amount of water passed out in the urine is controlled by antidiuretic hormone (ADH).

ADH is also called vasopressin.

ADH is a hormone which is formed in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus.

The pituitary gland stores ADH in the posterior lobe and releases it when the body requires it.

The pituitary gland is a small organ at the base of the brain.

Diabetes insipidus resulting from a lack of ADH from the pituitary gland is called central diabetes insipidus.

Primary Central diabetes insipidus:

Primary Central diabetes insipidus forms 50% of Central diabetes insipidus and is due to the decrease of nuclei of the neurohypophyseal gland.

It has a genetic cause.

Secondary Central diabetes insipidus

Secondary Central diabetes insipidus can be caused by damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland as a result of:

a. Head injury
b. Infection
c. Loss of blood supply to the gland
d. Surgery
e. Tumor
f. Granuloma
g. Brain aneurysm or thrombosis
h. Histiocytosis

Nephrogenic Diabetes insipidus

When Diabetes insipidus is caused by a failure of the kidneys to respond to ADH, the condition is called nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

Nephrogenic Diabetes insipidus occurs as a result from a defect in the kidneys.

Consequently the kidneys will not react to the effects of ADH.

Like central Diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic Diabetes insipidus is very rare.

Nephrogenic DI may be caused by:

1. Genetic problems – x-linked recessive genetic inheritance

Homozygous males are unresponsive to Antidiuretic Hormone

Heterozygous females have normal or impaired response to ADH

Secondary Nephrogenic DI may be caused by:

b. Certain drugs (such as lithium)

c. High level of calcium in the body (hypercalcemia)

d. Kidney disease (such as polycystic kidney disease)

Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon disturbance resulting from any condition damaging the neurophyseal system of pituitary gland.

It is idiopathic in 45 % of cases

It occurs at any age and affects either sex

It is unusual in infancy but can commence in early childhood

It is acquired from head trauma, neoplasm (primary and metastatic especially the breast), sarcoidosis, birth injuries or eosinophilic granuloma

What are the Symptoms of Diabetes Insipidus?

1. Polyuria- Excessive urine volume - Urine output 5-10 liters per 24 hours

Excessive urination, often needing to urinate every hour throughout the day and night

2. Polydipsia (especially for cold water)

Excessive thirst that may be intense or not controllable together with the need to drink large amounts of water or craving for ice water

3. No evidence of ill health

Urine volumes and abnormality in patients with head trauma and coma should be monitored

TABLE OF CONTENT


Introduction

Chapter 1 Diabetes Insipidus

Chapter 2 Causes

Chapter 3 Symptoms

Chapter 4 Diagnosis

Chapter 5 Treatment

Chapter 6 Prognosis
Product Description
One of the most common illnesses of the modern age is diabetes. The reasons for this illness are various: From hereditary factors, through irregular nutrition to accumulated stress. Unfortunately, this disease has also affected the young population in an increasing number.

Most people, when they find out that they are suffering from diabetes, are most likely to fall into depression and take the whole situation in a very tragic way, believing that they will not be able to live after this knowledge.

However, the truth is actually different. By correcting diet and lifestyle in general, and by taking appropriate therapy, diabetes can be kept under control and with this disease it can live for a long time without some problems. The most important discipline and regular control of the level of glycemia.

Also, it is important to watch the sugar intake, use only artificial sweeteners or fruit sugar. Do not eat fat, and not too salty.

We have prepared over 30 delicious recipes for you, which will give you the feeling that you are absolutely healthy. You will know that you do not have to eat tasteless meals in order to be healthy. Take care of your illness in a best possible way!

Questions & answers

  1. Juliette Juliette says:
    My two year old has just been diagnosed with diabetes insipidus any tips?
    Does anyone have a young gentleman with this and have any tips for me at all on how i can help her. My 2 year old little girls that has had on the spot sleeping has just been diagnosed with diabetes insipidus.
    J B says:
    Go to WebMd. From the start, you need to become as knowledgeable as you can very rapidly.
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How to Manage Diabetes Insipidus? - Keep Healthy Everyday

Verbal vasopressin invalid. Aqueous vasopressin with 5 ~ 10U subcutaneously, the r for 3 to 6 hours. (A) aqueous vasopressin the diabetes insipidus within reach hormone replacement therapy. Such agents are commonly hardened in a state of intoxication secondary to the initial treatment of patients with knowledge trauma or neurosurgery after the onset of diabetes insipidus.
Source: http://www.keephealthy24.com/%EF%BB%BFhow-to-treat-diabetes-insipidus/

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